The museum collection includes displays on foreign influence on Palau, local tools, artifacts and heirlooms, traditional pacific and Palauan money types, the famous childbirth ceremony of Palau, archeological sites, traditional wear of Micronesians, canoes and fish traps, and rare shells of Palau and the pacific. The museum also has a large collection of antique maps and prints of Micronesia, and prints of some of the earliest photographs taken of Micronesians by European explorers. In 2014 the museum renovated and added several displays including "Master Carvers of Palau" with a storyboard collection from the 1940s till today.
The gift shop sells books, jewelry, unusual souvenirs and art, and the famous storyboards of Palau. Fish traps, canoes, and a 35-feet skeleton of a Minke whale killed by Orcas that floated into the Rock Islands in 2004 hang off the ceiling of the gift shop, with photographs of tiger sharks feeding on it when it was found.